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Northern Weekly Salvo 270

The Northern Weekly Salvo

Incorporating  Slaithwaite Review of Books, Weekly Notices, Sectional Appendices, Tunnel Gazers’ Gazette and Northern Umbrella. Descendant of Teddy Ashton’s Northern Weekly and Th’Bowtun Loominary.

Published from 109 Harpers Lane Bolton BL1 6HU email: paul.salveson@myphone.coop

No. 270  October 9th   2019

Salveson’s half-nakedly political digest of railwayness, tripe and secessionist nonsense from Up North. Sometimes weekly, usually not; but definitely Northern. Read by the highest (and lowest) officers of state, Whitmanites, steam punks, yes women, no men, gay Swedenborgians, cat-spotters, discerning sybarites, bi-guys, non-aligned social democrats,  pie-eaters, tripe dressers, nail artists, self-managing VIMTO drinkers, truculent Northerners, grumpy Norwegians, absurd Marxists, members of the clergy and the toiling masses. All views expressed are my own and usually nobody else’s. Official journal of the Station Cat Improvement Network, Pacer Dining Club and Station Buffet Society. Full of creative ambiguity, possibly. Promoting moderate rebellion and sedition, within reason.

“we are far more united and have far more in common with each other than things that divide us.” – Jo Cox, maiden speech in House of Commons, June 3rd 2015

General gossips

Just like the buses, eh? You wait for weeks and then two come along at once. Well maybe not quite, but just under a week since the last Salvo, here is no. 270. I had to leave quite a few things in abeyance and there’s also lots to say about the Community Rail Awards, responses to my political crie de coeur in Salvo 269, and various other things including Brexit. I can also report that the blackberry pie, the fruit of my spectacular Manx double somersault down a cliff, was worth the scratches and ruined jacket.

JOB VACANCY After a lot of hard work, we are now moving forward with a new community rail aprtnership for ‘Bolton and South Lancashire’. Thanks to the generosity of Northern  and other partners including Bolton at Home, we will shortly be able to advertise what we hope will be a full-time community rail officer post. The focus of the job will be very much on linking local rail with social inclusion and community cohesion – i.e. we are not necessarily looking for a railways expert. If you want to be put on the circulation list once the job is ready to be advertised, please email me now (paul.salveson@myphone.coop); if you know of anyone who may be interested, please pass the message on.

Now I’m 67…weaving fresh ideas for 2020

I celebrated my 67th birthday with ‘luxury afternoon tea’ in the magnificent surroundings of the former LMS Midland Hotel in Morecambe.

The surviving Eric Gill fresco at the Midland Hotel

Very nice it was too and the awful weather didn’t put us off a stroll along the prom. Birthdays, like a new year, are an opportunity to think of ‘what’s next’ rather than looking back, at least for me. I’m no longer tied to any particular organisation, at least professionally, and I’m hoping to use my time to develop a few new projects. Top of the list must be finishing off my novel, The Works, set in Horwich in the 1980s but taking the reader to the present day and beyond. It would be nice to think it will be done by Christmas, but I doubt it. It will be published by my new publishing venture ‘Lancashire Loominary’ – a title first used in the 1860s by the remarkable Bolton writer J.T. Staton.

A fellow diner at the Midland Hotel indulges herself, lowering the tone considerably

He played around with the name, at times using the more vernacular ‘Lankishire’ spelling. There are a few ideas for publications which will mostly be ‘booklets’ of around 100-150 pages covering historical, cultural and political issues relevant to the North. I’d really like to do a new and completely revised edition of my book on Northern regional politics (Socialism with a Northern Accent) published by Lawrence and Wishart a few years ago. For reasons explained elsewhere in this and the previous Salvo, I’ll re-name it to Politics with a Northern Accent. I’m also planning a shorter booklet on J.T. Staton himself and other radical Bolton working class writers including Allen Clarke, James Haslam and Robert Brodie.

A larger project, which I must settle down to writing next year, is a history of Lancashire dialect literature from Tim Bobbin (mid-eighteenth century) to the present day. Next year is the centenary of the publication (by Tillotson’s of Bolton) of Allen Clarke’s finest work Moorlands and Memories. I collaborated with George Kelsall on a reprint, back in 1985, so I don’t think a further reprint would sell, unless someone was willing to fund it. However, a new book that looks at places Clarke visited in the book, on foot and bike, would be interesting and fun to do. So look out for Moorlands, Memories and Reflections next year. Some of the funding for ‘Lancashire Loominary’ comes from a bequest from a very good friend, the late Henry Lewis, who wrote the dazzling Brief Encounters on the Penistone Line as well as other sadly neglected shows. I also want to do an occasional review, something along the lines of ‘Lancashire Loominary and Bolton Trotter’. Staton also coined the title ‘Bowtun Trotter’ and Allen Clarke used it for a couple of years in the early 1890s. It was a mixture of satire, commentary, reviews and silliness (mostly in dialect). I’m not totally sure how, or if, it could work now but would certainly have to be on-line rather than print. Something that helps to promote a strong but modern Lancashire identity, for sure. Beyond that…? Welcome ideas.

Tea at the Midland but no Nettle Beer in Heysham

My birthday treat was to be taken for afternoon tea at the Midland Hotel, in Morecambe. Where better? The high-point of pre-war railway hotel building, commanding a magnificent view of Morecambe Bay.

The spiral staircase in The Midland Hotel

Lovely sandwiches, cakes and scones and the company wasn’t bad either… We had time to visit Heysham Village and explore the fascinating remains of St Patrick’s chapel and the stone graves, probably 8th century. The relatively modern St Peter’s, nearby, also has some Saxon remains. Heysham village itself is a delight but sadly we couldn’t find anywhere selling that traditional local beverage, nettle beer. Maybe it has been banned on safety grounds, it can be very combustible if left too long, so I’m told. No visit to this part of Lancashire is complete without venturing over the sands to Sunderland Point and we were able to get across while the tide was out.

The remains of St Patrick’s chapel, Heysham, looking out across Morecambe Bay

The former slaving port has an eerie feel to it, only reached at low tide. We didn’t have time to lay a stone at ‘Sambo’s Grave’, a young slave who died after the long crossing from Africa. The tradition of laying a stone at the lad’s grave is continued by schoolchildren today; long may it last.

National Community Rail Awards

The national Community Rail Awards were held in Telford on October 3rd and nearly 450 guests attended at what was a superb event.  West Midlands Trains really pulled out the stops as ‘host’ body and the ACoRP team laid on a truly memorable evening. The full list of winners is here: https://communityrail.org.uk/events-training/community-rail-awards/

Bolton Station Community Development Partnership (CDP) had three short-listed entries:

  • Best Community Engagement Project
  • Involving Diverse Groups
  • It’s Your Station

We didn’t win any prizes, but it’s a good start for what is still an embryonic project. We were represented at the event by Julie Levy, Frankie Hahlo and Richard Walker.

Members of Bolton Station Community Development Partnership with Penistone Line Partnership friends at the Telford awards

It was great to see Friends of Hindley Station winning the prestigious ‘platinum’ award in the ‘It’s Your Station’ category. Our good friends in the Penistone Line Partnership, who visited Bolton earlier this year, won a first prize for their arts project, Dwell Time. Mytholmroyd Station Partnership, with whom we have close links with, won the ACoRP award for ‘outstanding contribution to community rail’. Community Rail Lancashire, with whom Bolton Station CDP has shared membership, did particularly well. They won first prize in the ‘involving children and young people’ category for their Stand Clear of the Closet Doors project. They also picked up second prize in ‘involving diverse groups’ for their On Track to Train project. They scored another first in the small projects award for Bringing Sunshine to Morecambe. Well done all of you. Peter Roberts picked up the prize for ‘outstanding lifetime achievement’ which was well deserved. The Heart of Wales Line Trail, which I had a bit to do with in its early days, picked up first prize in the new ‘tourism and heritage’ category.

A very nice feature of the event was the pre-awards evening outing to the Black Country Museum at Dudley. This is a remarkable place, with a trolleybus route (which we rode on), tramway and canal wharf. Original buildings representing Black Country life and labour have been painstakingly reconstructed, including a chip shop (very good fish and chips too!), several shops, houses and a working men’s institute. Thanks to West Midlands Trains for organising the ‘fringe’ event and many more events on the two days after the awards.

Beeching and Brexit

Larry Elliott in The Guardian (October 7th issue ‘Without Beeching there might never have been a vote for Brexit’) makes some very telling links between Brexit and Beeching.  It’s a common myth that the cuts fell mostly on rural branch lines. Many routes serving large industrial communities were also hit, such as Newcastle – Blyth- – Ashington, Bolton – Bury – Rochdale, Bury – Rawtenstall – Bacup  and many more. Not surprisingly, many of the towns that lost their railway registered strong Leave votes. The closures were part of a process of disinvestment that has blighted many towns – compare the success of rail-served Todmorden with nearby struggling Bacup. Both former textile towns of a similar size; one has a good rail link, the other lost it. It would be interesting to compare the relative ‘leave’ and ‘remain’ votes in the two communities; I suspect Bacup tilted much more towards leaving the EU.

It’s far easier to close a line than to re-open one, although many that have are now prospering, such as the ‘Robin Hood Line’ between Nottingham and Worksop and the Borders Railway from Edinburgh to Galashiels and Tweedbank (and let’s hope it eventually reaches Hawick and Carlisle).

The community rail movement in the UK has helped revive many lines that might have been targets for a new round of rail closures in the 1990s. This was, for a while, a real risk that has never been fully documented, and came at the time of a Labour government. Fortunately, it was headed off.

All that remains of the railway in Leigh…a line that should never have closed. Leigh voted pro-Leave

But we need to go beyond just making the most of what’s there and having a strategy for more re-openings which have wider social, economic and environmental benefits. The current Williams review is an opportunity to address that, with a dedicated rail development team within the over-arching rail authority which appears to be a favoured option. Ironically, one route which we don’t need is HS2, at least as currently configured. The former Great Central Line from London to Leicester, Nottingham and Sheffield (a Beeching closure of course) would have been a better and cheaper option, with money saved on the current scheme spent on ‘Beeching reversals’ across the country.

Time for a revived social democracy?

In the last Salvo I indulged in a bit of political hand-wringing (or ringing?) about ‘socialism’ and what it means today. My conclusion was that it had been rendered meaningless, and that decline began decades ago, perhaps in the ‘halcyon days’ of what Stalinists termed ‘actually existing socialism’ in the Soviet Union and eastern European satellite states. Today, in the UK, it has become little more than a label to define yourself as a loyal and uncritical follower of Jeremy Corbyn, which I’m emphatically not. I’m fed up with people banging on about ‘true socialism’ as if it is some sort of faith, with Corbyn as the pope.

Edward Carpenter, gay environemntalist, mystic, and ethical socialist

Even Marx would have been horrified at the reduction of a political theory/practice into some sacred texts and revealed truth. Having served my time in the old Communist Party of Great Britain, I can only long for the CP’s much greater willingness to challenge and engage with ideas, at least in its final years in the 70s and 80s, when Marxism Today, under Martin Jacques’ editorship, was probably the most inspiring and creative political journal of its era. The more progressive bits of the CP morphed into Democratic Left but it was too weak a flower to survive. A pity. I always thought the Labour Left back in the 70s and 80s, even in its mainstream sense with Tony Benn et al, was a classic example of what Lenin called ‘infantile leftism’. That has now reached its nadir, with ‘left’ politics reduced to a mantra of state control/ownership and a centralist mindset that even ‘old Labour’ wouldn’t have countenanced.

But it isn’t just the UK where socialism is in trouble. In Germany, the fortunes of the SPD have plummeted with ‘The Left’ party (former communists) doing OK but with a fairly traditional hard-line approach. It’s difficult to find examples of a revived progressive party of the left doing well anywhere in Europe, but I hope some readers will correct me if I’m wrong. In many countries, the Greens have taken on the mantle of being the main ‘progressive’ party, which I know is a vague and often unhelpful term. In Britain they struggle because of our undemocratic voting system, though where there is PR (Scotland, London, European elections for example) they do well.

The Labour Party itself is facing that much-overworked – but in this case relevant term: an existential crisis. Its traditional base in the industrial working class has shrunk as that demographic has changed and to a degree disappeared. The ‘great battalions’ of engineers, miners, textile workers and even railwaymen (and they were, mostly) that dominated the Labour Party, its branches, regions and its conference are no longer there. Instead, it’s an alliance of middle class professionals and self-employed with, in some areas, Asian activists and a residual ‘old working class’. I’m not sure it’s enough to lead a country, to be honest.

The Kurds are developing a really new form of politics that is decentralist, democratic and inclusive.

Meanwhile Corbyn has a -60 approval rate, worse than Michael Foot ever achieved. If Labour is to revive it needs to re-shape a new ‘social democracy’ that is open and inclusive, willing to re-shape the UK as a federal country, with a more democratic voting system and a flexible approach to ownership which combines public ownership with social forms and private capital. Integrating all of this must be a determination to take climate change seriously. If it doesn’t, we face decades of right-wing Tory rule for England, with Scotland opting to go its own way, probably followed by Wales, and a united Ireland.

Brexit balls-up belies belief

With each day that passes, the politics of Brexit shifts and changes, offering endless hours of entertainment to what Johnson sarcastically calls ‘our friends in Europe’. Or maybe they just feel pity and an element of sadness at seeing what was once a beacon of reason and stability descend into chaos, with a Parliament that The Economist described as having the two worst political leaders in living memory. . Whatever, it’s now looking like Johnson will have to go cap in hand to the EU for an extension to Article 50, despite all the bluster. Yet the longer the saga continues, the more damage the uncertainty and confusion is causing.

What would Harry Pollitt (CPGB General Secretary) have said? I think he’d have demanded a 2nd Referendum (maybe with the option of joining the Soviet Union)

The Salvo position is inconsistent. This is something politicians never admit to, as it is a mark of weakness and uncertainty. After the original vote, I fell out with a few friends for saying the vote had to be respected, despite the obvious manipulation and lies that went into the ‘leave’ campaign. I shifted from that position as time rolled on, accepting the arguments for a Second Referendum. Not ideal, but two (or now three) years on, we as an electorate should at least have a better idea of what the implications of leaving would be, with or without a deal. And it’s right that many of the young people who didn’t have a vote back in 2016 (on something that would have a disproportionate impact on their lives) should be able to do so now.

There are many ‘buts’ attached to this, but (there’s one!) it’s an open vote and anyone who still wants to leave (and some who may have flipped to become leavers) can cast their vote again. There’s no guarantee whatsoever that a Second Referendum would produce a different result, but it will at least be based on a pretty clear understanding of the implications of leaving the EU, which it wasn’t in 2016.

At the extremes of the debate are the Lib Dems who are now saying, if they formed a Government, they’d simply revoke Article 50.

Lots of good ideas for a social/liberal-democratic radicalism in ‘Flatpack Democracy’. A new edition of the book is now out

This is political madness and while it will mark them out as unequivocally pro-Remain, it will lose them a lot of votes they’d otherwise have won had they campaigned for a Second Referendum with a ‘Remain’ stance. At the opposite extreme we have ‘No Deal’ favoured by the Brexit Party and increasing swathes of the Tories. This chimes with the views of many people who just want to ‘get it over with’. The problem is, ‘no deal’ would be anything but a simple departure and will lead to years of negotiations, while the economy goes into ever-steeper decline, particularly in the North.

In the middle of all this, there is the original ‘May Deal’, which with hindsight looks like it wasn’t so bad after all. There’s very little chance of Johnson selling anything like that to either his own right-wing or to the DUP. The voices of reason within the Tory Party have nearly all jumped ship leaving Johnson to play the fool with political crazies like Rees-Mogg, Cummings and the rest. Labour’s current position, as a friend of mine described it, has some validity. Yet try and explain it on the doorstep and you’ll struggle. If I understand it right, Labour, if they form a government, will negotiate a new deal with the EU and put it to a Referendum, but without a recommendation to support their deal, or just to remain and revoke Article 50. There’s leadership for you, eh?

So, at least here in England, the only party with a credible position is the Greens who are saying they will press for a General Election and a Second Referendum with a clear position of being pro-Remain. If I understand it correctly, this is the position of the SNP and Plaid Cymru. A great pity that Sinn Finn isn’t willing to move on and abandon its abstentionist policy and take a similar position.

So here’s to enjoying seeing Johnson crawling to the EU for an extension, then  going to the country on a fraudulent ‘people v parliament’ position but outflanked by the Brexit Party which takes enough votes from the Tories to stop them forming a government. Labour isn’t going to do well, but it could form the basis of a progressive majority that could usher in a new referendum. I don’t envy the Lib Dems, Greens, Plaid and SNP having to negotiate with a Labour leadership which doesn’t have its own house in order with a weak leader subject to the dictates of his advisers, mirror images of Dominic Cummings, from the left. But it’s the best possible outcome that anyone could reasonably expect (from where I am, anyway). But maybe I’ve lost the plot, if there ever was one.

More on the Isle of Man

In the last Salvo I didn’t have space to mention a few things of interest to readers, or gave them insufficient space. I discovered, completely by chance, the excellent ‘Tramway Junction’ bookshop at Laxey, which really is next to a tramway junction (Snaefell Mountain Railway and Douglas – Ramsey electric tramway). It has a great range of second-hand railway, tram and bus books and magazines. I came away with a bound volume of Trains Illustrated for 1952 and a couple of useful booklets. I could have been tempted with more, including a 1961 bound TI but I’m never quite sure what I have at home and what I haven’t. Turns out I haven’t got it so I’ll be in touch. There are three second hand bookshops in Peel: the charity shop on the sea front had some very interesting books in the window, including stuff by Peter Beresford-Ellis, that fascinating druid/Marxist historian of Ireland and the Celtic nations. Shame it was Monday closing, which also affected what looked like an interesting shop on Michael Street. However, the shop opposite (can’t remember names and they aren’t on google) was open and had some interesting treasures. Lexicon in Douglas looked good, so too Bridge Books at Port Erin. All of which are further reasons to go back next year.

Settle-Carlisle book published!

My new book on the Settle-Carlisle line has just been published (see below in ‘Salvo Publications List’). It’s published by Wiltshire-based Crowood and is now available, price £24. A very big thanks to everyone who helped with the research. I hope it’s a useful addition to the enormous body of work on this remarkable railway.

Crank Quiz: Non-phonetic railway names

Neil Buxton comments: “Non-phonetic names (sort of) along the Esk Valley would be:

  • Ruswarp – ‘Russup’
  • Sleights – ‘Slights’
    Grosmont – ‘Growmont’
  • Lealholm- ‘Leelem’
  • and of course, on the NYMR, Goathland = Go-thland ( so often pronounced ‘Goat-land’ by visitors!)…..”

Tim O’Connor writes from Well’ouse: “Is Gillingham phonetic, non-phonetic, or both? Gillingham (Kent) is pronounced with a soft G, while Gillingham (Dorset) has a hard G. Liskeard is borderline non-phonetic. Leominster is a definite”. Lawrence Marshall mentions Milngavie – pronounced “Mil-guy”.  Just to add from my own experience as a guard in east Lancashire during the 1970s: Blackburn was usually ‘Blegburn’ whilst Colne was ‘Cown’ and Darwen was ‘Darrun’. Bolton was invariably ‘Bowtun’ and Westhoughton could be anything you like, from ‘Owfen’ to ‘Keaw-Yed’ (‘cow head’, after a local legend about a cow having its head sawn off by the farmer when it got stuck in a five-barred gate).

Readers’ Rants, Ruminations and Reflections

Mr Buxton adds: “Enjoyed the piece on the IoM. I have happy memories of the now sadly defunct Castletown Brewery, whose product I always felt was superior to its rival Okells, both of course being brewed under the Manx purity laws!” (must say I found the Okells quite nice, as well as the more recent Bushy –ed)

Nina Smith writes from near Luddendenfoot (Rose Grove men called it ‘Foo-it’) observes:  “Very interesting read. When you go back to the IoM, go in May of June when the wild flowers are out. There is almost a continuous carpet of them from the edge of Douglas right the way along the line.  Also very interesting that you have set up a “suburban/commuter” CRP. I’d also associated CRPs with lesser used lines, so it will be interesting what yours can achieve and whether similar CRPs should follow e.g. out of Leeds”. (ed. yes but the fuchsias are at their best now. There is a need for more urban CRPs and look out for announcements soon of a ‘Yorkshire Coalfields CRP’ based on Barnsley/Wakefield/Doncaster/Sheffield.)

Huddersfield anarchist Alan Brooke writes: “Glad to see you are continuing to slough off the remnants of social democracy and Stalinism with the realisation that state socialism offers no answers to modern problems. Can’t understand tho why you still have illusions in parliamentary politics and political parties? You believe in federalism and grass roots democracy. Bookchin and Kropotkin are more relevant than ever, leavened by William Morris, Edward Carpenter et al. While even these are to be avoided as authorities to be ‘followed’ , there is a great wellspring of inspiration in their writings.

Goodbye Lenin: let’s dump the idea that he was a democratic radical in any shape. A clever politician who seized his chance when it came along, but hard to say that his ideas have any relevance to the present

The historical split between ‘ (Pseudo) Scientific Socialism and Ethical/Utopian Socialism in the 1840s – reinforced by the Bolshevik/Comintern dictat against any non-Russian form of Socialism and Social Democratic technocracy (e.g. Fabians and Wilson’s  ‘white heat’) – has had immense damaging repercussions. We must rediscover ethical socialism and put moral arguments for a better world at the centre of our vision. We must not shy away from being labelled UTOPIANS”. (ed: if someone can come up with something better than our parliamentary system which enshrines basic protections, that’s fine – the danger with classical anarchism is that it leaves the door open for unscrupulous authoritarians purposrting to be ‘libertaraian’ who end up dominating. Thank God we have got some protection in the presnet system which stops Johnson getting away with whatever he likes. But yes, we need our utopians, with or without capital letters).

Special Traffic Notices

  • October 9th 7.30 URC Church Rochdale: Edwin Waugh Society
  • October 19-21: Dialect Studies Conference Blackpool
  • October 21: Phil Porter exhibition in Bolton station Platform Gallery commences
  • October 26: Bolton Station CDP and City of Sanctuary walk: Farnworth and the Irwell Valley. Meet Bolton station 12.15
  • November 23rd: Open Day at Poppleton Nursery
  • November 27 Lancashire Day and Night festivities – 7.00 Wayoh Brewery, Blackrod: music, poetry, pies
  • December 7th: Christmas lights and market at Glossop station
  • December 14th: Bolton Station Christmas Market
  • An exhibition in Bolton Museum on Peterloo and the role of textile workers in the fight for democracy runs to November 10th

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The Salvo Publications List

The Settle-Carlisle Railway (2019) published by Crowood and available in reputable, and possibly some disreputable, bookshops price £24. It’s a general history of the railway, bringing it up to date. It includes a chapter on the author’s time as a goods guard on the line, when he was based at Blackburn in the 1970s. The book includes a guide to the line, from Leeds to Carlisle. Some previously-unused sources helped to give the book a stronger ‘social’ dimension, including the columns of the LMS staff magazine in the 1920s. ISBN 978-1-78500-637-1

The following are all available from The Salvo Publishing HQ, here at 109 Harpers Lane, Bolton BL1 6HU. Cheques should be made out to ‘Paul Salveson’ though you can send cash if you like but don’t expect any change. Bottles of whisky, old bound volumes of Railway Magazine, number-plates etc. by negotiation.

‘Lancashire’s Romantic Radical – the life and writings of Allen Clarke/Teddy Ashton‘ (2009). The story of Lancashire’s errant genius – cyclist, philosopher, unsuccessful politician, amazingly popular dialect writer. Normal Price £15  – can now offer it for £10 with free postage. There are a few hardback versions left – Normal price £25  – now at £15 with free postage. This book outlines the life and writings of one of Lancashire’s most prolific – and interesting – writers. Allen Clarke (1863-1935) was the son of mill workers and began work in the mill himself at the age of 11. He became a much-loved writer and an early pioneer of the socialist movement. He wrote in Lancashire dialect as ‘Teddy Ashton;’ and his sketches sold by the thousand. He was a keen cyclist and rambler; his books on the Lancashire countryside – ‘Windmill Land’ and ‘Moorlands and Memories’ are wonderful mixtures of history, landscape and philosophy.

‘With Walt Whitman in Bolton – Lancashire’s Links to Walt Whitman‘. This charts the remarkable story of Bolton’s long-lasting links to America’s great poet. Price £10.00 including post and packing. New bi-centennial edition published in May 2019. Bolton’s links with the great American poet Walt Whitman make up one of the most fascinating footnotes in literary history. From the 1880s a small group of Boltonians began a correspondence with Whitman and two (John Johnston and J W Wallace) visited the poet in America. Each year on Whitman’s birthday (May 31) the Bolton group threw a party to celebrate his memory, with poems, lectures and passing round a loving cup of spiced claret. Each wore a sprig of lilac in Whitman’s memory. The group were close to the founders of the ILP – Keir Hardie, Bruce and Katharine Bruce Glasier and Robert Blatchford. The links with Whitman lovers in the USA continue to this day.

‘Northern Rail Heritage’. A short introduction to the social history of the North’s railways. Price £6.00. The North ushered in the railway age  with the Stockton and Darlington in 1825 followed by the Liverpool and Manchester in 1830. But too often the story of the people who worked on the railways has been ignored. This booklet outlines the social history of railways in the North. It includes the growth of railways in the 19th century, railways in the two world wars, the general strike and the impact of Beeching.

Will Yo’ Come O’ Sunday Mornin? The Winter Hill Mass Trespass of 1896′. The story of Lancashire’s Winter Hill Trespass of 1896. 10,000 people marched over Winter Hill to reclaim a right of way. Price: £5.00 (not many left). The Kinder Scout Mass Trespass of 1932 was by no means the first attempt by working class people to reclaim the countryside. Probably the biggest-ever rights of way struggle took place on the moors above Bolton in 1896, with three successive weekends of huge demonstrations to reclaim a blocked path. Over 12,000 took part in the biggest march. The demonstrations were led by a coalition of socialists and radical liberals and Allen Clarke (see above!) wrote a great song about the events – ‘Will Yo’ Come O’ Sunday Mornin’?’ Only a couple left.

You can probably get a better idea from going to my website: http://www.paulsalveson.org.uk/little-northern-books-2/

 

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